Occurrence of Phytophthora in commercial nursery production

Author , , ,
Date 2016
Publication Plant Health Progress. 17:64-75.
Key Words
AbstractTwo commercial woody ornamental nurseries were sampled for the presence of Phytophthora species over a period of three years between 2011 and 2014. The samples were taken every two months at different propagation (greenhouses, plastic tunnels) and cultivation (container stands) areas as well as from nearby pathways and from a water recycling system with a slow sand filter. Furthermore, different materials like soil, substrates, residues, wind-carried leaves, water and sediment were sampled. In total, 12 known Phytophthora species could be detected. Further, three isolates did not match any of the known species. Phytophthora ramorum, P. gonapodyides, and P. plurivora were the species with the highest detection rates. Phytophthora ramorum could be detected during all seasons of the year. In total, the puddles on the pathways had the highest percentage of positive detections. Residues, wind-carried leaves and water and sediment from the water runoffs were also good places for Phytophthora survival. In both nurseries, the plant samples showed very low infection rates. Ideas for surveys and management are discussed.
Full Citation Junker, C., Goff, P., Wagner, S., and Werres, S. 2016. Occurrence of Phytophthora in commercial nursery production. Plant Health Progress. 17:64-75.